It is the Quran that provides the raw materials of spiritual practice for Sufis:
- Dhikr (ZIKR)
- Maqam – i.e. station and HAL – i.e. state
Zikr means ‘Remembering ALLAH,’ usually by pronouncing His name or by uttering a number of recognized formulae. Zikr may be practiced as jahri (loudly) or khafi (quietly). The Quran repeatedly admonishes believers to celebrate the praises of ALLAH almost always as it brings satisfaction and comfort to man’s heart. The following verses of the Quran reveal the significance of zikr.
“Recite that which has been revealed to you of the scripture, and observe prayer. For prayer restrains one from lewdness and iniquity, but remembrance of GOD is the greatest virtue. Therefore remember Me, and I will remember you.”
“Verily, in the remembrance of GOD do hearts find peace.“
A pattern of words which needs to be repeated silently without moving the tongue i.e. meaning of those words are to be focused through inner eyes.
It is a visualization technique where a particular affect is created by going deeper into an image of an idea.