Tawheed – Wahdat-ul-Wujud

The foundation of Islam is based on Tawheed. To a Sufi ‘La ilaha illal lah (there is no GOD but ALLAH) means La mojud illal lah (i.e. nothing exist but ALLAH). This is the most important reality of a Sufi’s life that determines his relationship with GOD. According to the SufisThe Creator is not distant from His Creation rather there is just one presence everywhere. It is just due to taiyyunat that so much diversity seem to exist within a unity. As has been expressed in a Sufi poem:

“Each image painted on the canvas of existence
is the form of the Artist himself
Eternal Ocean spews forth-new waves.
Waves we call them; but there is only the sea.”


It is just as light seems to change its colour when shines through a coloured glass. Light has no colour, but it’s rays shine through the glass and only then do hues and tints appear. To the Sufis, Wahdat-ul-Wujud is a very sensitive subject and is like a double-edged sword and without a Sufi Shaykh and proper discipleship, one is bound to misunderstand the whole concept. Our Murshid (Sufi Shaykh) Dr. Ikhtiyar H. Mirza(R.A.) has once told a story about this misunderstanding,

“A person came to know about this concept from the Sufi doctrines. One day, while walking on the street, he noticed several people running for their lives as a mad elephant got freed from his chains and was on a rampage. He immediately remembered the Sufi doctrine and said to himself,’ I am GOD and this elephant is also GOD, so why to run and be afraid when we both are the same’. He waited while the elephant approached and crushed him to death”.

Another story told by our Murshid conveys the same concept: –

” Mulla Nasruddin entered a serai for an overnight stay. The seraikeeper approached to welcome him.
Mulla asked him,
‘Did you see me entering in your serai? “He replied, Yes! this is why I have come to welcome you”.
“Did you know me?” Mulla once again enquired. “No Sir!”answered the keeper.
“Then, how can you say that the person entered in your serai is me?”


The following Quranic verses also reflect the concept of Wahdat-ul-Wujud:

Huwa Ma’akum ayna maa kunthum” He is with you, wherever you are. (57:4)

Huwal awwalu wal akhir wazhahiru wal bathinu wa huwa bi kulli shay’in aleem” HE is the beginning, HE is the end, HE is the manifest and HE is the hidden. (57:3)

Nahnu Akrabu Ilaihi Min Hablil Wareedh We are closer to them (human) than their jugular vein. (50:16)

“Fa Ayna maa thuwallu fasamma wajhullah” Wherever they see there is ALLAH’s face. (2:115)

idha sa’alaka ibadhee annee fa innee khareeb” (OH PROPHET) if my slaves ask you about me I am certainly close (to them).(2:186)


There is a special class of Hadith called divine sayings (Hadith Qudsi), which are in effect extra Quranic revelations in which GOD speaks in the first person. The following Hadith Qudsi- Qurbe-Nawafil is also giving the same message of oneness i.e. wahdat-ul-wujud :

Nothing is more pleasing to Me as a means for My slave to draw near unto Me than the worship I have made binding upon him. And My slave does not cease to draw near unto Me with added devotions of his free will until I love him. And when I love him, I become the ear by which he hears the eye by which he sees the hand by which he grasps, and the foot by which he walks“.


A few Hadith may also be mentioned here which not only shed light on the spiritual status of PROPHET MOHAMMED (Peace And Blessings Of ALLAH Be Upon Him) , but also convey the same message of wahdat-ul-wujud:

The first thing that GOD created was my light, which originated from His light and derived from the majesty of His greatness‘.


I was a Prophet even when Adam(R.A.) was between spirit and body‘.
Whoever has seen me, has seen the Truth‘.
GOD created man in His own form‘.


Also, there is a famous saying of HAZRAT ALI (R.A.),

Whomsoever has known his self has recognized GOD‘.